Monday, May 25, 2020
Rene Descartess View on God In 1996, songwriter Joan Osborne performed a song called One of Us that was nominated for three Grammy Awards. What made this song so successful and interesting were the powerful lyrics that basically asked, What if God were a human being? As she was writing the lyrics to One of Us, she was wondering about God and how the world would be different if God did exist in real life and not just a supernatural force. You may be asking yourself, What does this have to do with the seventeenth century? Well, in the seventeenth century, there was a man, named Rene Descartes, who was interested in God and wondered about His existence. After an unforgettable night in November 10, 1619, his interestÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This came after he discovered more than just the principles of a single science and realized the unity of all the science of all knowledge. During that night, he experienced three dreams he felt had been sent to him by the spirit of truth which had deigned to enlight en him as to the future (Vrooman 58). He believed that God revealed to Descartes his mission, which was to seek the unity of all truth, a universal science that had been symbolized by a dictionary in his dream. Thus, Descartes began his efforts to seek the truth to become a famous philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. He felt that all of this could not have happened if God had not inspired him during those three dreams. As the biographer Jack R. Vrooman writes, that in a span of a few hours, Descartes had moved from the discovery of the unity of the sciences, pass through various stages of enthusiasm and anguish, experienced the intuition of God, and begun the elaboration of a philosophy (63). Rene Descartes published a book called Discourse on the Method in 1637 in which he stated that Reason does not insist that whatever we see or imagine thus is a truth, but it tells us clearly that all of our ideas or notions must have some foundation of truth. For otherwise it could not be possible that God, who is all perfection and truth, should have placed them within us (Descartes 106). On the creation of the world he writes: It is much more probableShow MoreRelatedThe Dream Argument by Rene Descartes Essay1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOne of Rene DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s most famous arguments, from his not only from his first meditation but all of the meditations, is his Dream Argument. Descartes believes that there is no way to be able to distinguish being in awake from being in a state of dreaming. In fact you could actually be in a dream right now. Rene DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s theory that one is unable distinguish being awake from dreaming, as interesting as it is, can be at times a little farfetched, along with a few contradictions to himself, DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreA Comparison Of Rene Descartes And The Matrix754 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof Which We May Doubt by Rene Descartes, there is a subtle difference in regards to being informed by others or seeking answers constantly yourself about what is real. The possibility for someone else controlling human reality has been around since 380 BC based on PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Allegory of the Cave. Socrates and Glaucon are conversing about the prisoners who are restrained and can only look in the forward direction and nowhere else. Puppeteers are limiting the prisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s view to only the shadows fromRead MoreThe Views On The Senses, But At The Same Time1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMichael Geathers Philosophy S. Yeng 10/2/15 The topic of paper will involve an in-depth discussion of two differing views on the senses, but at the same time. These two epistemological and ontological views have been discussed by French philosopher Rene Descartes and Greek philosopher, Socrates. The first view, where Socrates proposes that in understanding knowledge, the senses should not be of great importance to humanity. He instead believes that understanding the world of ideas is the theoryRead MoreAnalysis Of Rene Descartes s Meditations On First Philosophy1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesanswers: what is reality? Among these writers were RenÃ ¨ Descartes and George Berkeley, who respectively argued that everything perceived must be real due to God being unable to deceive, and that the physical world only exists in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. In my view, it is not certain that the physical world is real, but one should act as if it is. RenÃ ¨ Descartes, in Meditations on First Philosophy, wrote each section after successive Ã¢â¬Å"meditations.Ã¢â¬ In DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s first meditation, he claims it is unable to beRead MoreEnlightenment And Scientific Discovery Of The 17th Century1620 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDuring the period of enlightenment and scientific discovery of the 17th century, differing concepts of the scientific method emerged. Amongst these, RenÃ © Descartes and Sir Isaac Newton had some of the more prominent ideologies. Through The Discourse On Method Descartes describes his rules for Ã¢â¬Å"discovering the truthÃ¢â¬ (Sherman. P.74) based on his mathematical background. Many of these are based on logical deductions and examining individual sections of a hypothesis to determine their truths. A few decadesRead MoreHow did Descartes Explain the Relationship between Mind and Body? 1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSome of them believed that the mind-soul is something different from the body and each of them works by themselves without any interaction between them (Radner, 1971). The other point of view said that body and mind works together as a unity and mutually influences each other and the result is the human being. This view had been held by great figures like the Greek philosopher Aristotle and Aquinas (Radner, 1971). Who argued that there should be a connection between mind-soul and body, because only inRead MoreDescartes s Theory Of Skepticism And The Cogito1469 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s Project Rene Descartes was a philosopher that lived from 1596 to1650. In Meditations of First Philosophy, Descartes leaves the reader with two main themes: skepticism and the cogito. In this paper, I will be examining DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s writings. Mainly, what DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s project consisted of, skepticism, the arguments he gave as means to his project, and the cogito. In doing so I will explain how he left the reader with the two important philosophical notions of skepticism and cogito. TheRead MoreDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Arguments for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesnot think or pretend he had no mind, as merely having a doubt that he had a mind proves that he does. * The Argument from Clear and distinct understanding: Descartes argues that if two things can be separated even if only by god then they must be two different things. Descartes says that as he can perceive minds and bodies clearly and distinctly from each other they must be two separate things we just dont know how to separate them. Read MoreEssay about Rene Descartes Faith and Reason1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRene Descartes Faith and Reason The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries witnessed a colossal transition in the scientific view of the universe. During this period a profound rethinking of scientific theory as well as moral and religious matters took place. Traditional ideas were reconsidered by religious thinkers. Philosophers began applying rational scientific thought to problems that they considered. The main concept of the Scientific Revolution was to question everything. The ScientificRead MoreThe Theory Of The Mind Body Dualism1232 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRenÃ © Descartes was a French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher of the 16th Century, who, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Ã¢â¬Å"was one of the first to abandon scholastic Aristotelianism and created the first version of the modern mind-body dualism or emotionÃ¢â¬ (Encyclopedia Britannica). Born on March 31, 1596, he was dubbed as the Father of Modern Philosophy. His theory on the mind-body dualism, also known as Cartesian Dualism, created a stem of the modern problem of the relationship between
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Running head: LEARNING STYLES OF OUR LIVES Learning Styles of Our Lives Parker, Bobby American Military University Learning Styles of Our Lives We are faced with many different learning experiences. Some of these experiences have made a better impact than others. We can attribute this to our learning style. A personÃ¢â¬â¢s learning style is the method through which they gain information about their environment. Research is going on all over the world to help explain learning styles. To me, it is our responsibility to learn about these different learning styles so we can appeal to every type of learner in our world. Howard Gardner has elaborated on the concept of learning style through what he calls Ã¢â¬Å"multipleÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They seem to have an instinctual awareness of what is going on around them and are wonderful navigators, mechanics, engineers, architects, interior designers, and inventors. Ã¢â¬Å"Body kinestheticÃ¢â¬ (Gardner 88) learners have the ability to control body movements and handle objects skillfully (Gardner 88). These learners express themselves through movement. They hav e a good sense of balance and hand eye coordination. Interacting with the space around them is the way that the Ã¢â¬Å"body kinestheticÃ¢â¬ (Gardner 144) learner processes information. This learning style involves a sense of timing and coordination. Michael Jordan, for example would most likely have a well developed Ã¢â¬Å"body kinesthetic intelligenceÃ¢â¬ (Gardner 144). His ability to move quickly across a basketball court, while dribbling a ball, with a roaring crowd, while processing the whereabouts of five opponents and four teammates shows that there is a specific intelligence in his movement and perception of the basketball courtÃ¢â¬â¢s layout (Santrock 292). The Ã¢â¬Å"body kinestheticÃ¢â¬ (Gardner 2) learner can often be a handful in the classroom. As a student it may be difficult for this person to sit still. This learner will do best if they are able to work while moving around or standing. This type of learner will do well with activities that involve acting out skits, directing movement, and playing charades. They will often excel in physicalShow MoreRelatedLearning Styles : A Learning Style Assessment1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA learning style is a term used to describe the ways in which people gather, interpret, and store information. Each style can be broken down into a category based on sensory needs: auditory, visual, and tactile. The presumption is that you will best retain the information presented to you if the conditions of your learning style meet. Based on the idea that learning styles exist, I consider myself a visual learner. I prefer to write instructions and keep my thoughts organized. I generate ideas basedRead MoreLearning Styles And Teaching Styles1877 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesa multitude of different learning styles, the highly-Recognized ones being Visual, Aural, Verbal Physical, Logical, Social and Solitary Learning. It is imperative for teachers, especially young teacher who may lack experience to understand the dynamic s of all these different learning styles. It is also important for teachers to be flexible in their lesson plans and overall teaching strategyÃ¢â¬â¢s because not all of your students will learn best from the same teaching styles and no one student will useRead MoreVark Learning Styles: Read/Write Learning Style1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages VARK Learning styles: Read/write learning style Name: Institution: VARK Learning styles: Read/write learning style Overview of the read/write learning style The read/write learning style mainly makes the use of printed words to receive and convey learning information. Using the style enables one skill to become the input of another through the transfer of the ability to read to that of writing. The skills transfer is integral in raising the awareness of how the structural components involved inRead MoreVark Learning Styles: Read/Write Learning Style1031 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages VARK Learning styles: Read/write learning style Name: Institution: VARK Learning styles: Read/write learning style Overview of the read/write learning style The read/write learning style mainly makes the use of printed words to receive and convey learning information. Using the style enables one skill to become the input of another through the transfer of the ability to read to that of writing. The skills transfer is integral in raising the awareness of how the structural components involved inRead MoreTeaching and Learning Styles1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfeatures can play a part in the type of learning style the child prefers. The personality and genetic makeup of the learner also affects the way in which they perceive and process information differently to other learners. (Gregorc, 1982) According Ellis (1985, p.14) a learning style is Ã¢â¬Å"the more or less consistent way in which a person perceives, conceptualizes, organizes and recalls information.Ã¢â¬ Therefore it is extremely vital that teachers adapt their teaching styles within the classroom so that eachRead MoreEssay on Adapting Teaching Styles to Learning Styles2023 Word s Ã |Ã 9 Pagesallow them to retain the most information. The key to learning is not simply repetition, but being able to understand a concept. That is how a student can be sure that he or she has truly learned something. Teachers must be able to accommodate their students by tailoring their methods of teaching and materials. Different teaching styles obviously suit different learning styles, and no one teaching style can be effective for all learning styles. Because of this, teachers must be flexible in their methodsRead MorePersonal Learning Style At School966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPeople are different in their own way. Just as people are different, their styles of learning are different in a way in which affects the way they learn and determines whether they can succeed. Every person finds out what learning style they adept well to as it helps them achieve things much easier. Some students prefer to study at night before they go to bed. On the other hand, some students are mor e able to preserve more information if they study first thing in the morning, some people prefer toRead MoreThe Learning Style Inventory ( Lsi )1289 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesresearched on how to put together a project in order to identify the learning styles. The starting point of this scheme was supported by the Kolb learning style inventory (LSI). Finally, they came up with the idea of a questionnaire. They gathered eighty questions together, containing four different learning styles along with characteristics of the person/s that might fit in. The image below represents the theory along with the learning styles produced. (workpress.com, 2011) Many people will argue thatRead MoreLearning Styles And The Learning Style1811 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswill be exploring the importance of learning styles and the effectiveness of them to student nurses, providing evidence from learning theories and also acknowledging David KolbÃ¢â¬â¢s experiential cycle (1984). Furthermore, I will be discussing my dominant learning style, providing the advantages and disadvantages of my learning style on my learning and development, considering the various ways I can improve my learning. I will also explain my weaker learning style and express the different ways I canRead MoreLearning Styles And Techniques Of Teaching898 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesteaching, learning styles and techniques. Being able to observe a few different classrooms has given me an opportunity to witness different aspects of teaching. Through all of my observations during college of teachers I am confident that teaching is what I want to do with the rest of my life. I will touch o n a few topics from my observation throughout my paper such as, the objective of the lesson, types of methods the teachers used, differentiation instruction, ways the teachers assess learning in the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Quincey Ã¢â¬Å"ScHoolboy QÃ¢â¬ Hanley was born on October 26, 1986, in Lucius D. Clay Kaserne, an American military complex in Wiesbaden, Germany, to a couple who split up before his birth. His father remained in the Army, but Q and his mother moved to Houston, Texas. Because of the strained relationship between his mother and father, Q was given a random last name possessed by neither parent. Shortly after moving back to the United States, he and his mother relocated to her former home in South Central, Los Angeles. Eventually he and his mother settled on 51st Street between the notorious Hoover Street and Figueroa Streets, both famous for the abundance of drugs and street violence. QÃ¢â¬â¢s mother worked as a night dispatcher for AAA, so he did not see her very often while attending school and was partially raised by his grandmother. Despite growing up in South Central, Los Angeles, QÃ¢â¬â¢s music influences are primarily East Coast rappers such as The Notorious B.I.G., Nas, and 50 Cent. Unlike Kendrick Lamar, Q did not develop an interest in writing and performing music until his teenage years, and he did not start recording music professionally until he was in his early-20s. QÃ¢â¬â¢s academic success during high school Ã¢â¬â a 3.3 GPA until his final year Ã¢â¬â earned him the nickname Ã¢â¬Å"SchoolboyÃ¢â¬ from his peers (his name is stylized as Ã¢â¬Å"ScHoolboy QÃ¢â¬ because of his upbringing on Hoover Street in Los Angeles). , However, his affiliation with the notorious 52 Hoover Crips of South Los Angeles
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
# 8217 ; s Three Dimensions Of Power Essay, Research Paper # 8220 ; Power serves to make power. Powerlessness serves to re-enforce impotence # 8221 ; ( Gaventa,1980:256 ) . Such is the kernel of the on traveling relationship between the Powerful and the Powerless of the Appalachian Valley where acquiescence of the repressed has become non merely common pattern but a manner of life and a agency of endurance. In his fresh Power and Powerlessness, John Gaventa examines the oppressive and despairing state of affairs of the Appalachian coal mineworkers under the bossy power of absentee land-owners, local elites, and corrupt brotherhood leaders. His analyses is based on Lukes 3-dimensional apprehension of power from his book Power: A Extremist View. Gaventa applies the three impressions of power to the political relations of inequalities in the Appalachian Valley and, while showing the insufficiencies of the first or # 8216 ; pluralist # 8217 ; attack and the virtues of the 2nd and peculiarly the 3rd dimensions, asserts that the interrelatedness and reenforcing affect of all three dimensions is necessary for an in deepness apprehension of the # 8220 ; entire impact of power upon the actions [ or inactivities ] and constructs of the powerless # 8221 ; ( Gaventa:256 ) This essay will analyze Luke # 8217 ; s three power dimensions and their pertinence to Gaventa # 8217 ; s history of the unfairnesss found in the vale of the Cumberland Mountains. Reasons for the mountain people # 8217 ; s entry and non- engagement will be recognized and their link with the power relationship established. In this manner, Gaventa # 8217 ; s dissatisfaction with the pluralist attack will be justified and the emphasized ability of the other two dimensions to withhold issues and determine behavior will be verified as chief agents of Power and Powerlessness. The one dimensional position of power is frequently called the # 8216 ; pluralist # 8217 ; attack and emphasizes the exercising of power through determination devising and discernible behavior. Robert Dahl, a major advocate of this position, defines power as happening in a state of affairs where # 8220 ; A has power over B to the extent he can get B to make something that B would non otherwise do # 8221 ; ( Dahl as cited in Lukes, 1974:11 ) . A # 8217 ; s power therefore is defined in footings of B and the extent to which A prevails is determined by its higher ratio of # 8217 ; successes # 8217 ; and # 8216 ; lickings # 8217 ; over B. Discernible behavior so becomes a cardinal factor in the pluralist attack to power. Dahl # 8217 ; s Who Govern # 8217 ; s? expresses the pluralist belief that the political sphere is an unfastened system where everyone may take part and show grudges which in bend lead to determination devising. Those who propose options and novice issues which contribute to the determination devising procedure are showing discernible influence and control over those who failed all together to show any involvement in the political procedure. The Pluralist attack assumes that in an unfastened system, all people, non merely the elite, would take part in determination devising if they felt strongly plenty about an issue and wanted their values to be expressed and represented. Non-participation therefore is thought to show a deficiency of grudges and a consensus with the manner the leaders are already managing the system. Political inactivity is non a job within the unidimensional system, it simply reflects apathy of ordinary citizens with small involvement or cognition for political affairs, and their credence of the bing system which they see as honoring common benefits to society. While political relations is chiefly an elect concern to the pluralist, ordinary people can hold a say if they become organized, and everyone has indirect influence through the right to the franchise in the electoral procedure. Pluralism recognizes a heterogenous society composed of people belonging to assorted groups with differing and viing involvements. Conflict is hence besides recognized as non merely an expected consequence but as a necessary instrument which enables the finding of a governing category in footings of who the victor is. Dahl, ( as cited in Lukes,1974:18 ) provinces: Who prevails in decision-making seems the best manner to find which single and groups have more power in societal life because direct struggle between histrions presents a state of affairs most approximating an experimental trial of their capacities to impact result. Both Lukes and Gaventa put frontward the impression that curtailing your analyses of a power state of affairs to the one dimensional theoretical account can skew your decisions. If you limit yourself to this attack your survey will be impaired by a pluralistic colored position of power. Where the first dimension sees power in its manifest maps of determination devising over cardinal issues raising discernible struggle due to policies raised through political engagement, it ignores the unobservable mechanisms of power that are sometimes merely as or even more of import. Many times power is exercised to forestall an issue from being raised and to deter engagement in the political sphere. Potential issues and grudges are hence non voiced and to presume this means that they do non exist would be an straight-out divergence from fact. By curtailing analyses to what is expressed and to observable behavior and overt struggle merely, you miss any penchant non expressed because of fright of countenances, use, coercion and force. This review of the behaviourial focal point and the acknowledgment of unobservable factors of power is discussed in the planar position of power developed by Bachrach and Baratz by which # 8220 ; power is exercised non merely upon participants within the determination devising procedure but besides towards the exclusion of certain participants and issues wholly # 8221 ; ( Schattsneider, as cited in Lukes,1974:16 ) . This theory proposes that political organisations develop a # 8220 ; mobilisation of prejudice # 8230 ; in favor of the development of certain sorts of struggle and the suppression of others # 8230 ; some issues are organized in piece others are organized out # 8221 ; ( Ibid.,16 ) . The first dimension claims there is an unfastened system and although acknowledging that political resources are non distributed every bit, they are besides non centralized in one groups hands. Everyone has the chance to utilize other resources and be heard. The 2nd attack nevertheless, sees a monopolistic system of inequalities created and maintained by the dominant power. The elite have the agencies and the political resources to forestall political action that would non benefit themselves and to force frontward those that would. The Elite therefore find the docket of both determination devising and non-decision devising and in so making set up their laterality and the subordinance and conformity of those on the underside of the power hierarchy. Although the two dimensional attack to power delves deeper than the foremost into the nature of power and impotence by affecting analyses of possible issues, grudges, nondecision-making and non-participation, Both Saint lukes and Gaventa find that it is on the same degree as the first dimension in that it besides emphasizes discernible struggle merely. Of class it is true that the first does emphasize merely overt while the 2nd emphasiss both overt and/or covert struggle. Nonetheless, an affinity between the two consequences in their belief that where there is struggle, there is an component of power in determination devising and, for the 2nd dimension, in nondecision-making. Barach and Baratz ( as cited in Lukes,1974:19 ) states that if # 8220 ; there is no struggle, overt or covert, the given must be that there is consensus on the prevailing allotment of values, in which instance nondecision-making is impossible. # 8221 ; Here, there is evidently no consideration of latent struggle or attending as to how involvements non consciously articulated may suit into the power relationship. Lukes identifies use and authorization as two signifiers of power which make non needfully affect apparent struggle. Peoples abide by the power of authorization because they either regard or accept its legitimacy. Conformity to the power of use frequently goes unrecognized by the conformer because focal point is placed on irrelevant affairs and the cardinal purpose is downplayed. In neither is at that place discernible ( open or covert ) struggle, but latent struggle occurs because the person may be holding to something contrary to their involvements without even cognizing. The three dimensional position of power so, criticizes the behaviourial focal point of the first two dimensions and adopts the consideration of concealed societal forces and struggle which exercising influence by determining the consciousness of the single or organisation. This position strays from the others in that it focuses non merely on determinations and nondecisions but on other ways to command the political docket which are non made intentionally by the pick of persons or groups. The 3rd mechanism of power seeks to place # 8220 ; the agencies through which power influences, forms or determines constructs of necessities, possibilities, and schemes of challenge in state of affairs of struggle # 8221 ; ( Gaventa,1980:15 ) . In other words, it involves stipulating how A gets B to believe and take to move in a manner that reinforces the prejudice of the system, progressing the cause of A and impairing that of B, normally in the signifier of conformity. Such procedures can take topographic point in a direct and intended manner through media and communicating. # 8216 ; A # 8217 ; takes control of the information channels and # 8216 ; B # 8217 ; is socialized into accepting, believing and even back uping the political impressions instilled by # 8216 ; A # 8217 ; . The defining of single # 8217 ; s constructs can besides take topographic point indirectly or even accidentally through 1s rank in a societal construction. Forms of behavior, norms and recognized criterions apparent in the action and inactivity of the group are automatically adopted. # 8220 ; Social legitimations are developed around the dominant, and instilled as beliefs or functions in the dominated # 8221 ; ( Gaventa,1980:15 ) . Passive credence of state of affairss or fortunes that are in struggle with one # 8217 ; s involvements occur even when the subordinated realise they are being repressed. They submit softly because of fright of countenances but besides because they have gone through a # 8220 ; psychological version to the province of being without power # 8221 ; ( Gaventa:16 ) . They recognize their impotence and see no possibility to change by reversal it and hence submit to their hopeless state of affairs with unenrgetic credence. After continual licking, the constructs of the impotence may be altered as a erudite response. # 8220 ; Over clip, the deliberate backdown by # 8216 ; B # 8217 ; may lead to an unconscious form of backdown, maintained non by fright of power of # 8216 ; A # 8217 ; but by a sense of impotence within # 8216 ; B # 8217 ; , irrespective of # 8216 ; A # 8217 ; s status # 8221 ; ( Gaventa, 1980:16 ) . Although # 8216 ; B # 8217 ; was originally cognizant of their province of subjugation, clip has quelled the initial fright and has desensitized their thrust to stay unconstrained and independent. Without even recognizing, B continues to submit, more as a signifier of wont so as a response to a peculiar state of affairs. As a farther adaptative response # 8220 ; the sense of impotence may besides take to a greater susceptibleness to the internalization of the values, beliefs or regulations of the game of the powerful # 8221 ; ( Gaventa, 1980:17 ) . What may hold one time been strong strong beliefs to a people are consistently lost and the beliefs of the governing category are accepted in silence, non merely because of a sense of impotence but because they have been indoctrinated to excuse whatever the powerful put frontward. Gaventa applies Luke # 8217 ; s three dimensional theory of power to the instance of the Central Appalachian vale in the United States. He argues that the dimension s of power can be used to better understand the form of dormancy that has been happening in this part of incontestable unfairnesss for over a coevals. The pluralist attack is established as inadequate in its effort to construe power relationships entirely and the execution of the other two dimensions is found to be indispensable to explicate the state of affairs in the Appalachian mountains. The History of Central Appalachia has developed much like that of a crude state under the influence of colonisation by a dominant universe power. It is one in which an stray, agricultural society has sparked the involvement of the industrialised universe as holding economic potency, and has accordingly been established as a dependent and push into a rapid series of transmutation to conveying it up to modern criterions. Productivity and economic chases are the rule concern while the people and their civilization are more of a hinderance than a precedence. They are expected to switch right along with the remainder of the alterations. Their traditional manner of life is later threatened, altered, and finally irretrievably lost. By the late 19th century, the economic potency emanating from the huge wealth of natural coal resources of the Appalachian Mountains were good recognized and Middlesborough, a one time quiet rural community, had experienced an economic roar and grown into the industrial excavation Centre labelled the # 8216 ; Magic City of the South # 8217 ; . The full endeavor had been established under the remarkable leading of the American Association Ltd. , of London. Millions of dollars were pumped into the country but because of the ownership monopoly and chiefly foreign investors, the mountain people themselves reaped small or none of the benefits. Their agricultural based pillar was threatened and destroyed as the # 8216 ; Anglo-American endeavor # 8217 ; expropriated estates and estates of mineral-rich land. # 8220 ; The acquisition of land is the first measure in the procedure of economic development and the constitution of power. # 8221 ; ( Gaventa,1980:53 ) . It was besides the first measure in the subordination of the mountain climbers. Losing their land meant a alteration in life style from a mostly independent group of husbandmans to a group of coal mineworkers dependent upon the Company for a wage. Mountaineers were most frequently # 8216 ; voluntarily # 8217 ; bought out. Few instances of existent struggle occurred and the people # 8217 ; s land was taken virtually without challenge or resistance to a new order. Often the land was sold to the Company for a monetary value far below its worth. The built-in value of the mountain climber # 8217 ; s land went unknowing to them while the Association who knew full well of the extremely valued mineral-rich dirt, took advantage of the state of affairs and bought it for really small. If this # 8216 ; acquisition # 8217 ; of land were studied utilizing merely the first dimension of power, the Company would be comparable to A who # 8217 ; s power is defined by its higher ratio of # 8217 ; successes # 8217 ; over B # 8217 ; s # 8216 ; lickings # 8217 ; # 8221 ; . One would acknowledge that the Company demonstrated discernible control and influence over the Appalachian people but would be justified in their actions. The deficiency of challenge on the mountain climber # 8217 ; s ( or B # 8217 ; s ) portion would be seen as an look of consensus to the take-over of their land. Since few grudges were expressed it would be assumed that the issue was non of adequate importance to the people who therefore did non form to set forward any options. The Association had the enterprise to suggest issues and contribute to determination doing while the Middlesborough citizens were apathetic to what was traveling on. The Company # 8217 ; s # 8217 ; successes # 8217 ; in determination devising enhanced their power, legalizing them as more tantrum to regulation. Restricting yourself to this analyses would disregard many factors that led to the dormancy of the mountain people, and would forestall a deeper apprehension of this instance. Using Luke # 8217 ; s 2nd dimension of power, the non- challenge to the land-takeover would non be viewed as apathy on the portion of the ordinary people but as the consequence of unobservable forces and covert struggle working to forestall their look of agnosticism and difference. This would back up the position that within the political organisations of Middlesborough there was a # 8220 ; mobilisation of prejudice # 8221 ; . When distribution of the land was decided by the tribunal, it most frequently went to the highest bidder. The Company held obvious power in its economic advantage go forthing no uncertainty to anyone, including the tribunals, who would win out. By establishing ownership rights on economic capablenesss, challenge on behalf of the mountain climbers was made scarce and considered a ineffectual attempt. In this manner the issue of Company ownership was # 8216 ; organized in # 8217 ; and the people # 8217 ; s land claims were # 8216 ; organized out # 8217 ; . The 2nd dimension hence recognizes elect adjustment happening in a system which pluralists claim to be # 8216 ; unfastened # 8217 ; . It is viewed as a system where inequalities are created and maintained by leting the dominant category to find the decision-making docket, hence set uping the dormancy of the subordinated. The first dimension assumes that deficiency of open struggle means the consensus of the mountain climbers to their land loss, and the 2nd would hold assumed consensus if there were no discernible overt or covert struggle, but still another dimension is indispensable to acquire to the existent root of consensus. The 3rd dimension considers the possibility of latent struggle where the people # 8217 ; s wants and beliefs are unkowingly shaped to set up a consensus to that which is contrary to their involvements, but non recognized as such. The Middlesborough workers developed no consciousness that saw themselves as being exploited. The authorization presented to them by the multi- million dollar endeavor of the American Association Ltd. , of London was accepted as an overpowering but legitimate power construction non to be questioned. In the instance of authorization, # 8220 ; B complies because he recognizes that A # 8217 ; s bid is sensible in footings of his ain values and because it has been arrived at through a legitimate and sensible process # 8221 ; ( Lukes,1974:18 ) . The people complied because the Association was put frontward as an endeavor which valued harmoniousness, as they did, and would counterbalance them financially for the land. Manipulation, nevertheless, was the key in converting the mountain climbers of the Association # 8217 ; s legitimacy. The people were payed far excessively small for what the land was deserving. They were deprived of harvesting future benefits because the Company neglected to inform them of its true value and their purpose to derive 1000000s in net incomes. Alternatively they focused merely on the irrelevant affair of what undistinguished amount of money would fulfill the people into giving up their land which was, at the clip, of no existent evident value. With use, # 8220 ; conformity is forthcoming in the absence of acknowledgment on the complier # 8217 ; s portion either of the beginning or the exact nature of the demand upon him # 8221 ; ( Lukes,1974:18 ) . I extremely doubt that the people would hold so softly handed over their land if they had realised that, at the same clip, they were passing over their traditional manner of life, and in so making, rushing its extinction. How were they to cognize that this was merely the first measure to going dependents of the Company and that to do a life they would be forced to work under the oppressive conditions of a higher power on land that had one time been their ain. After the acquisition of land and the initial economic roar, conditions worsened for the mountain people and a set of stable controls was necessary in order to keep the system the Association had created and in bend, their place of laterality. As Middlesborough developed into a Company Town, the absentee and unitary control exercised by the British proprietors grew to guarantee the dependance of all upon it. They owned non merely most of the land but controlled the town # 8217 ; s cardinal factors of production, necessitating even independent companies to work under their footings. As was mentioned earlier, the people who had one time been independent in gaining a life for themselves were now required to work as mineworkers and laborers under the autarchy of a immense endeavor. Even little enterprisers now found themselves replying to the higher power of the Association. Although the Company had created many occupations for the people, inequalities developed as the absentee proprietors, or upper category, extracted wealth from the part go forthing few of the net incomes to be distributed among the workers themselves. Within the Appalachian country itself there developed a local elite who ranked following in the category hierarchy. # 8220 ; They were the work forces of wealth, and all right backgrounds, and political relations was non new for them # 8221 ; ( Gaventa,1980:59 ) . They were normally those in places of political leading where they could profit the company and advance its best involvements. Next were a category of little enterprisers and professionals who were attracted to the flourishing metropolis by its promising commercial hereafter. The underside of the hierarchy consisted of laborers, mineworkers and other manual labor workers. This category was composed chiefly of those who were originally from the part and had come from a rural background, while the # 8216 ; upper categories # 8217 ; had been derived chiefly of those attracted to the country because of its economic potency. # 8220 ; [ Mobility ] was of a horizontal nature, the coming together in one country of assorted representatives of preexistent strata from other countries # 8221 ; ( Gaventa,1980:57 ) . The workers were hence destined to poverty and inequality, but besides had to digest such things as hapless and even unsafe working conditions with few wellness benefits and small compensation. And one can non bury the ongoing death of their vale as full mountain sides were stripped off and the air and H2O were blackened with 1000000s of bantam coal atoms. Why so, in this province of economic, societal and even environmental corruption did the people non shout out with adequate strength to be heard? While nearby mining communities sing similar conditions responded with activist, corporate organisations, Middlesborough expressed grudges but neer took the signifier of organized action or went every bit far as making a consciousness of the state of affairs. The first, 2nd and 3rd dimensions of power would give different grounds for this in replying how the Association was able to keep the new order they had created and the dormancy of a people amongst their status of poorness and inequality. The pluralist attack would urge utilizing the democratic political procedure of the electoral system in finding the legitimacy of those in power and of their policies and patterns. If the leaders who have been elected by the people and for the people do non voice concerns about the bing system or the desire for alteration, it must be assumed that there were no concerns but alternatively an overall blessing of the position quo. The people of Middlesborough had a pick between local and # 8216 ; Company # 8217 ; campaigners and with few exclusions continued to put their support in the latter. Even within their ain brotherhoods where leading had become progressively dictatorial and Company biased, the workers remained loyal to the bing leaders and opposed the reform motion. By sing merely the face value of vote patterns, one would hold to hold that the Appalachian mineworkers appear to be in conformity with the direction of the bing system and their topographic point within it. The 2nd dimension of power would differ, nevertheless, and would explicate the care of the system and the conformity of the people as a consequence of the Company # 8217 ; s control 347
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
Thousands will die. They are victims of senseless murder, but should the murderous felons die as well? Capital Punishment is a major controversy. Debating whether they receive execution or spend the rest of their ruined lives rotting in a jail cell seems pointless. The government throws away these human's lives. We control the lives of these criminals and we should not waste them. We should use the thousands of them to better our society. Rather than capital punishment, the government should create work teams using death row criminals to better our communities. The death penalty has been debated since the beginning of humankind. Today a total of 94 countries and territories use the death penalty for ordinary crime, including the United States. In the other 57 countries in the world, the death penalty no longer exists. In some of the 57 countries, capital punishment is only banned for ordinary crimes and still effective for military crimes or crimes committed in exceptional circumstances such as wartime (Doan, 2). Currently 34 of the states in the U.S. exercise capital punishment. The most recent to abolish capital punishment was Massachusetts, in 1984, and New York, in 1995, was the most recent to reinstate it, according to the NAACP. During 1977 and 1994, Texas executed the highest number of prisoners, a total of 85. As of 1996 there were 3,122 inmates on death row. These convicts could help with government labor with a hope that they might be free someday. Figures show that, with men, 80% decide in favor of the death penalty, and women the vote was 74%.. White populations vote 81% for capital punishment and blacks only 53% (Doan, 2). This information means that the general public will resolve to end the lives of these killers. By offering an alternative, these figures may alter themselves significantly. Those opposing the death penalty would obtain some level of satisfaction with a work program for death row inmates. "More often than not, families of murder victims do not experience the relief they expected to feel at the execution, says Lula Redmond, a Florida therapist." ( Brownlee 28). "The United States is the execution capital of the world. Now isn't that something to be proud of?" Katie Kondrat asks sarcastically in "The Death Penalty a Just Punishment?". "A killer who is killed can not kill again, but a killer in jail until he dies also can't kill." The well known argument against capital punishment remains as the morality issue. Some say killing the murderer will not bring the victim back to life. The U.S. needs a plan that will not execute but use the remaining lifetimes in a positive manner. The common argument for capital punishment is that it saves tax dollars, it decreases prison overcrowding and provides equal justice. With the proposed plan, the government would save millions on not having to hire road crews and other manual labor task forces. The monies generated by the work provided should solve the prison crowding issue by freeing up more funds to build and staff bigger prisons. "Without severe punishment the justice system says that a murderer's life is more important than the victim's." says Connie Sun in contrasting part of "The Death Penalty a Just Punishment?". A lifetime of service to the victim and his family may be viewed as equal justice. What the Bible has to say about capital punishment affects peoples view on it. The whole issue seems to stem from ideas of morality. "Men presume to claim things that are God's alone. They even want to decide over the life and death of people and nations," says Eberhard Arnold. "They forget that it is the Lord who kills and makes alive." ( Bruderhof 2). The New Testament is based on forgiveness. "Father forgive them; for they know not what they do," states Luke 23:34 of the New Testament. The Bible also contains the Ten Commandments, one of which states , "Thou shalt not kill". From a Biblical standpoint, capital punishment remains unacceptable to its followers. This is a strong argument for constructively using the life of one who has killed by not repeating the same act twice. It contains an element of forgiveness while still making the offender confess to the misery he has caused others. We should make use of the murderers on death row. Punishment should not come as three minutes of minimal physical and mental pain as in execution. These killers should have to live with their guilt, and also do more than eat up money
Monday, March 9, 2020
John Q Public II essays Everybody lock your doors, get a gun, protect yourself! Mr. John Q Public II is planning to prepare the ground for an ever-more vicious and brutal campaign of terror! As this letter will make clear, he keeps saying that he holds a universal license that allows him to make things worse. Isn't that claim getting a little shopworn? I mean, we were put on this planet to be active, to struggle, and to put inexorable pressure on him to be a bit more careful about what he says and does. We were not put here to control, manipulate, and harm other people, as Mr. Public might insist. Sure, he talks the talk, but does he walk the walk? No, don't guess; this isn't audience participation day. I'll just tell you. But before I do, you should note that he is too mindless to read the writing on the wall. This writing warns that he believes that he can send flippant oafs on safari holidays instead of publicly birching them and get away with it. Sorry, but I have to call foul on that one. Need I point out that this is a very real and serious concern? Viewing all this from a higher vantage point, we can see that Mr. Public should think about how his epigrams lead barbaric, insipid mendicants to promote a form of government in which religious freedom, racial equality, and individual liberty are severely at risk. If Mr. Public doesn't want to think that hard, perhaps he should just keep quiet. There's no mystery about it, no more room for fairy tales, just the knowledge that his apparatchiks tend to fall into the mistaken belief that it is his moral imperative to dominate or intimidate others, mainly because they live inside a Mr. Public-generated illusion-world and talk only with each other. For one thing, he backstabs his advocates. But more important, it's astounding that he has found a way to work the words "gastrohysterorrhaphy" and "anthropocentrical" into his threats. However, you may find it even more astounding that he has spent untold hours tryi...
Friday, February 21, 2020
Evaluation of HRM and Organisation Behaviour Theories Frameworks - Coursework Example The paper tells that the ever-changing business environment, increased opportunities and demand for career orientation requires a strategic approach to human resources management. The HR managers must be aware of the skills gap among their employees and identify the need for the essential skills. The success of the organization depends upon the capability of the staff to tap the talents and the skills of the staff. This demands a holistic approach to recruitment and growth and development of people. The difference between success and failure depends upon the recruitment and retaining the right people with the right skills in the right position. Recruitment methods can be formal and informal or active and passive. While the formal methods of recruitment include job centers and press advertisements, the informal methods include a recommendation from the existing staff as well as a personal network of existing employees and others. Word-of-mouth method of recruitment has its own distinc t advantages as the existing employees that recommend new recruits would also ensure that these new recruits are immediately socialized. This is the preferred method of recruitment as it helps reduce employee turnover. The larger firms are more likely to employ the formal methods of recruitment while the smaller firms employ the informal methods of employment. The formal methods are cost-effective for larger firms as they hire in huge numbers. However, the managers are likely to face some adverse situation because those employed through informal methods are likely to receive higher performance appraisals because of the personal involvement (Tanova & Nadiri, 2005). Besides, the employees that are taken in through referrals obtain accurate information about the organization and the job role and hence they have realistic expectations. Nevertheless, the HR managers would need to evaluate the situation and make decisions based on the business environment as the formal methods have their own advantages.